How to enjoy winter golf

I know, for some, that title sends chills up and down their body. For others, they look forward for the time when the golf course is almost empty (almost, because if you there, it is not empty).

Other people think, “What, isn’t golf suppose to be played when the sun is bright and warm”. Yes, but standing still for long periods of time because the golfers ahead are slower than “cold molasses”, is not fun or “real golf”. wintergolf2

For me, winter golf is a time when I can “take my time”, and enjoy golf. I am looking for relaxing swings of the golf club, not for a low score or a long drive, but a time I can relax and enjoy the game. (yes I know, I just said that. There is a reason for that.)

The game of golf is not intended to be a game of frenzy swings, but an opportunity for seeing how well you really can “play” golf. (remember – golf is a game.)

Here are simple “suggestions” to have a good time.

1. Leave your #1club in your car or at home. It is not needed. It will only get you in trouble in the winter. You have clubs in your bag that can give you same distance you normally have, you just haven’t discovered that yet.

2. Have a plan and play the plan.

3. Embrace the winter rains and weather, they will always be there.

4. Use your woods as often as you can. Sweep the ball off the ground/grass. Do not “hit down” on the ball, unless you like to dig the ball out of the mud in front of you.

5. Do not try to hit the ball as high as you can. If you do, you will be forever hunting for the white top of a golf ball that has buried itself in the soft course. Also, don’t hit the ball as hard as you can. (see above why).

6. For winter golf, you are allowed to hit the golf ball a little softer so it doesn’t bury itself when it lands.

raingolf17. Don’t try to hit the ball out of a mud divot. This is winter time and there are winter rules, like “use common sense when playing golf in the winter”.

In the winter you are allowed to pickup the ball, wipe mud off the ball, and drop it back into the mud. :)

8. At the end of the day, you will be surprised how well you can really play and how low your score can be (if you are keeping it :).

Important information: Wear winter pants, the water proof kind. They are easier to clean than your blue jeans. Wear waterproof boots and have lightweight wool socks to keep your feet warm and dry. (Dry and warm feet are happy and if they are happy you will be also.)

 

by John Vosgien

Expert bad weather golfer

Reading Golf Green Tips

Golf Green TipsI’ve experimented with a new putting stroke for some time now and have come to the same great results as Craig. This involves a pendulum stroke; an accelerated follow thru; a much shorter backward stroke and finally a method of practice (putting) each time before I play that day. It’s obvious that the recent “majors” winners on tour are highly effective players using pendulum strokes and using their bodies as anchors. Their success is no coincidence. Not wanting to change to a belly type putter, I did the next best thing and simply copied their triangular pendulum stroke using the triangle formed by the arms and shoulders.  And using the shoulders to drive the pendulum action back and throw the ball. Golf Green TipsMy key thought is to initiate the backward stroke with the left shoulder and the forward stroke with the right shoulder. Both strokes in this manner are “push” strokes, not “pulls”. The pull with the shoulders is too inconsistent in my experiences. The big benefit in the forward “push” stroke is that you actually feel the acceleration thru the ball better with the trailing shoulder pushing the ball. Nothing else I have tried creates this feeling of acceleration thru the ball. Acceleration is critical in keeping the ball on line. The “push” stroke going back and forward aren’t jerky but rather a measured tempo going back and twice that tempo going forward. I never change this tempo back and forward, regardless of distance. I simply lengthen or shorten the stroke for the distance needed. The tempo is the same for every stroke back and twice the tempo going forward. The second change I’ve made (also critical) is to practice making a much, much shorter stroke going back than going forward. By using a very limited stroke going back (than you have in the past) you will feel that the backward stroke is too limited and you subconsciously feel you must increase your tempo to gain any distance. Golf Green TipsThis acceleration is good not bad. This feeling just happens. It’s not planned. The opposite is also true in that a longer backward stroke results in a slower stroke going forward every time because  you believe the stroke is too long and you automatically decelerate without knowing it. Trust me this just happens. For a 3 foot putt, my length back is seldom more than two inches and on fast greens only one inch. All of my follow thru(s) are at least two to three times the length of my backstroke due to the accelerated tempo. I can’t tell you how automatic this becomes with a feeling you’re going to make every single one within 3 feet. Again the strokes are made with the shoulders. I use this on all distances and make an unbelievable number from 6 feet as well. The last thought I have is on longer putts over 6 feet. Before every round I spend at least 5 minutes on a flat surface on the putting green using the pendulum stroke with three balls and “no target”. I simply stroke each ball (not looking up until all balls are putted) using a backward stroke a set distance (which for me is to stop the stroke when the putter face reaches a point on my back foot) and start the forward stroke at twice the speed going forward. I do this to gauge the speed of the green that day. I putt all three balls without looking up and simply notice how far they all go. I repeat this again in the opposite direction, to get an average distance both ways with the same stroke. This gives me a distance for that day for my “basic” stroke. On the course I try to “feel” that basic stoke every time. I don’t allow any thoughts to enter my mind other than feeling that stroke for that distance. My experience is that my basic stroke usually  goes 10 to 12 paces depending on the speed of the greens that day. To insure that I am putting with more feel than mechanics, I also hit some balls simply looking at the hole and not the ball trying to feel that basic stroke for 12 paces. You’d be surprised at how your mind adjusts to varying distances once you know your basic stroke for a set distance. You should adjust your distances on downhill or uphill putts by simply looking at a spot shorter than the hole on downhill putts and  further than the hole on uphill putts. Golf Green TipsTo improve your success on sidehill putts, you should practice sidehill putts by placing three balls on the same line directly behind each other (two to three feet apart) and stroke the shorter ones first until all three are made. You’ll notice that the further you are from the hole the higher the break, relative to the other balls you just played. Hope this helps you as much as it has me.

How to get better at golf right now

Our Top Improvement Strategies.

1.  Work on your putting first.  One stroke is still one stroke whether it’s 8
inches or 320 yards.  Learn to read a green, practice your setup, develop your mind,
find your dominant eye and get on the putting green before each round.  This single
area will shave strokes off your round.

2.  Work on your short game.  If you can get the distance to the green but are just
off the green, you’ll want to be up and down in two.  If you can do  that like Tiger,
your short game will save you in more than one situation.  In sand, too long, too
short, par 3s, and on the fringe.  Get a solid chip shot  with a 3 wood, a loft
wedge, sand shots and know your nine iron and you will shave more strokes.

3.  Hit straight off the tee.  Work on your grip, stance, set-up, pre-shot routine,
take away, swing plane, hip turn and finish and remember 200 yards dead center in the
fairway beats 250 yards in sand, water, trees, deep grass, and the next fairway any
day of the week.

4.  Learn course management skills.  Plan each hole to work on your strengths.
Don’t just blast away.  The best test of this is the choice to hit a 3 wood 210
yards, or two 105 yard 8 irons.  If you are a strong short iron player and spray the
driver course management means to make that exact decision and not let your golfing
buddies talk you out of it.

5.  Learn to enjoy the game in your head.  Much of this game is played in your head
and getting a grip on your emotions and fears and the yips is one big part of the
game.  I played a round this year in which I shot an awful score but completed the
round with the same ball I started with, had 3 fabulous sand saves, 3
greens-in-regulation, drove nice and straight but three-putted 11 $%$^**&#)?/
GREENS!  I had lots of chances to throw my putter in the river, but . . . did not.

I’m getting better!
That to me is a great day.  Have more days like that.

===========================================

Reading your stuff for the 1st time, I was in sync until you said “Of course, keep your head down or pick out a dimple and try to watch it thru the swing!” A dimple?? I have passed on a tip to many friends who suffered from the moving head (actually, eyes!!)..And I promise you, this works!

After lining up your shot and addressing the ball, pick a spot on the ground/grass directly behind your ball, approximately 1/4 of an inch behind the ball.

It can be a spot of dirt, or a broken blade of grass, anything, . as long as it  remains at ground level.

Forget the ball at this point, force yourself  to stay focused on your “spot” all the way thru your backswing, downswing, contact and followthrough.

Resist the temptation to follow the contact and flight until well into the backswing, because forcing the head to remain focused forces  the body to remain in the proper position until  the arms finally must turn over into the backswing..  Hey, stance, grip, ball placement, and a half decent or better swing are all important!

BUT  I’ve seen this tip help weak golfers immediately…often on the first attempt and from then on. It also works with fairway woods and hybrids  with a little more space behind the ball (no more than 1/2 inch). I picked this up from a magazine article, tried it, and as I said, it works. I’d give credit to
the author, but it was several years ago. Give it a fair trial, this will allow you to get better!
Larry Mathes, Wewahitchka, Florida

===========================================

I have heard somewhere that new players should be seen and not heard, but maybe just
this once…. I currently have fewer than 10 rounds under my belt and have finally
managed to turn several holes per round into pars. I am golfing around 109 as of last
week – thanks in part to Free-Golf-Tip.com. What better way to pay it forward than to offer my own tip…

As a new player, your putting opportunities typically occur by chipping onto the
green from the rough and fringe, and without the control of more seasoned players, it
often means chasing the ball back-and-forth across the green.

I have tried solving this in two ways. The first is to putt from the rough, which
can be tricky business and leads to a lot of three and four-putts.

A better way for me has been to move your grip down so you are holding the club on
the shaft below the grip. This keeps the club from gathering the kind of clubhead
speed that sends the ball to the other side of the green – and even if you hit it
thin, it’s going to resemble more of a putt and still won’t go as far as it would
otherwise. For me, it has helped on the par 4 and par 5 holes to get close enough to
the pin with one chip to make a short putt for par.

Give it a try – if nothing else, it won’t work and the axiom we started with can go
back into effect. :)

Joel Gaines Tucson, Az

How to really improve and lower your golf score

Recent Observations on Confidence and how to really improve your golf game

Recently I played a few rounds with some new players I had met while travelling.  I
don’t normally tell people I authored a book called “Golf Like A Pro:  Golf Tips for
Weekend Warriors” because during the match there are so many interesting things to
see and do.

These three rounds were different because I found a common theme and it jumped out
at me like a snake in the grass.
This has inspired my thoughts on how your confidence can effect your game and
certainly your score.
I encountered three different golfers who were undermining their own games and
probably didn’t even know it.
You may recognize them in your playing partners.
Here is what they said — out loud.

“I can’t putt, probably won’t make this” — This one was from 3 feet out.

“I hate sand shots”

“I can’t hit over water.  Got a bag full of old balls so when I get to water holes,
I pull ’em out”

Oh, and I should mention they said these things repeatedly.
I used to be the “I hate sand shots” guy till I learned how to hit from sand and NOW
when I am in sand, I still think up and down in two.  Why?  Because, your brain and
your body respond positively to the messages you send it.
You control those thoughts when you see you see your ball ‘at the beach’.

So what is the thing you have low confidence in when you approach it?
Is it any of these?
– hitting over water

– hitting a 3 wood on the fairway

– hitting into wind

– 2 foot putts

– dog leg left (when you slice)

– green-side or fairway bunkers

– “insert fear of your choice here”

– teeing off on the first tee and an audience

– 18th hole of match play and being up/down by one

What thoughts go though your head and what do you say out loud?
Since this is a GAME its time to play a GAME with your mind. This is how you will really improve your golf game…or not.

You see wind, you smile.  You imagine you love to hit into wind AND you say out
loud, “I love to hit these shots”  You picture the one time you did it right.
Then you go into your pre-shot routine (you do have one right?) and step up to the
ball and do not hesitate.
If, by some outside chance an old thought patter creeps back into your mind, step
away from the ball and start again.
You will truly smile when this works for you.
I hope you master ALL of the thoughts that decrease your confidence or hold you
back.

************

The Power of Positive Thinking is how you will improve

Always think positively. Be confident you are going to make That shot! When focused
to hit over water, try to avoid thinking about the obstacle. Instead, concentrate on
your target and on a smooth, effective swing.     To learn the proper putting stroke,
first practice with bigger, beginner-friendly targets. Then say one while swinging
back and two on the Way through. If your one is too loud, your pace won’t be even.
Try to make even, one-two sounds.

Golf routine on the tee box

Tee Box Choices – make it a routine.
You stand on the tee box and it is sunny.  The day is great.  You are golfing with
friends or making new acquaintances.   What should you be thinking about?
It should be something to do with the hole you are on.
Spend some time and think about the hole.  How long?  Straight or dog leg?  Water?
More Water?  Nothing but water!
A good drive will set you up for a good score.  If you are in the trees, deep grass,
or a hazard, it becomes harder to save your score.  Current thinking is ‘grip it and
rip it’.  Giant head drivers encourage that thinking even more.
Follow this sequence and routine to improve your chances of being in the middle of the
fairway-often the best spot to be whether you are 100, 200 or 300 yards out.
First think about the hole and the distance you want to be at.  A short dog leg left
can hurt you if you simply drive as far as you can straight on.  Driving too long can
be a problem.  So think about your length.
Based on your length decision, choose a golf club which is comfortable for you.  A 3-wood
or 5-wood is a perfectly fine choice.  Tee box does not mean Big Bertha every single
time. Once you have distance in mind, then aiming is your next big decision.  Do not
just aim down the middle every time.
Look where the hazards are.  You will find creeks, sand, trees, water, hills, rocks,
cactus or other things to affect your choice.  In addition, think about where the
green is and what hazards are protecting it.  If there is sand on the left then you
want to approach from the right.  So you want your drive to finish on the right.
Then consider the effect of the wind.  Will it push you further left or right?
Finally, choose where on the tee box you want to stand.  You can tee up your ball
anywhere between the two markers.  That means you can stand outside the markers if
you tee up on the left side of the box (for your right hander).  In addition you can
move up to 2 club lengths behind the markers.
That gives you lots of choice where to stand and aim from.  Pick your spot and tee
up.  Then pick a spot to aim at.  I should remind you to aim at something not aim
away from something.  Looking at water, trees, houses and other distractions only
attracts your ball towards them!  Pick a spot on the fairway based on your choices
and look at it when you aim.
Then, follow your pre-shot routine (remember-the same every time), take a smooth
swing and smile to yourself as you end up where you wanted to.  Then smile again as
your partner picks a different spot, takes out the big wood and takes a mighty swing
sending his (or her) ball 300 yards – into the trees.

A Good Golf Pre-shot Routine Should be Routine.
For the average player, it’s much easier to think about random thoughts, “Who’s
watching me” “I have to crush this ball” “That’s a lot of water” “Did I really get a
9?” “I love this new driver” instead of focusing on the task at hand.
Try a routine.  Watch the pro ‘s.  They do the same thing every time.
-Stand behind the ball and line up the shot.

-Take your position.

-Check your aim.

-Look at the ball and confirm your grip, stance, and set up are ready.

-Look at the target.

-Swing with good tempo. -Finish like Tiger (or Annika)
Repeat as necessary.
You may notice that a faux practice swing is not in this routine.  What would happen
if you skipped that step?

Isn’t golf fun?

Golf mental game tips

Focus is keeping the mind in the here and now and dealing with those things we are in
control of. When we speculate about the future we begin to play a dangerous game.
There are many things about the future that are uncertain and out of our control. On
the other hand, the outcome of past events is known, but they are unalterable.

In golf, it is ideal to learn to narrow focus for shot-making and widen focus for
between shot time. This is important so that you can learn to concentrate in golf;
not for the entire 5 hour round, but for 40 seconds, 60 + times, and still sustain
mental energy for the entire round. Our individual personality will dictate width of
focus between shots and it is important to stay true to our own style. Some of us are
better with a more internal focus between shots (self-talk, daydreaming, small talk
with another player) and some of us are better with a broader focus (outgoing,
joking, lots of talking).

Concentration is really the partner of focusing. It does not mean “trying hard”. It
is using our mind to maximize abilities to achieve the highest degree of success.

Mental preparation begins with a “mental diet” of positive teaching, and an “empty”
mind, perhaps by using a mantra to achieve this quiet state of mind. A consistent
ritual like a solid mental routine can help reassure and relax, emptying the mind to
let the body do what it has done thousands of times before in practice.

Imagine when you are playing golf that you are wearing blinders. As you approach the
first tee and each subsequent shot, narrow your blinders to focus only on execution.

The blinders should shut out both internal and external distractions. After
execution, widen the blinders to sustain energy. Repeat this over and over for the
duration of the event.

THE MENTAL ROUTINE (narrow the blinders)

Calculations

*left brain thinking here

*decide type of shot, club, etc.. *decide
with as little vacillation as possible and commit fully

*end analysis and begin next step

Feel

*consciously try to feel the exact swing that you have committed to use
*imagery or physical practice swing is acceptable and individual

Visualization

*right brain thinking here

*from behind the shot, visualize the flight
of the ball to the target

*visualize this shot as clearly as possible

 

BETWEEN GOLF SHOTS (widen the blinders)

Allowed Thoughts
*self compliments
*visual replay of good shots
*small talk
*study wildlife, landscapes, clouds and birds
*daydreams of favorite places
*humming a favorite tune
*walking with composure and confidence
*deep breathing

Not Allowed Thoughts
*mechanics
*looking ahead or looking behind
*score, cut, position, birdies, bogies
*what others think of you
*what others expect of you
*negative self talk
*what ifs
*how other players are doing
*replaying bad shots and experiences

Focus and concentration are constant challenges. Work in this
important area is rewarding. Once we have mastered the mechanics of
the various golf shots we will be performing out on the golf course
(through conceptual understanding, repetition, habituation), adopt
a generally positive outlook that is free of self defeating
negative thoughts.

Next, develop a way to control thoughts by achieving a state of focus and concentration. Never let the mind wander away where it might find something in the past or future that will suddenly flash onto the screen of the mind. If this happens, it creates tension in the body. Instead, keep your mind in the here and now by repeating your mantra.

Do the physical and mental routine rituals and let your body take over. The ball will
go where you want it to go. Trust this.

How to do an effective golf warm up before the round

Warm up
Proper warm-up is essential for peak performance in any sport.  If you attend any
professional sporting event you always see  athletes going through a pre-game
warm-up, and pro golfers are no  different. By the time tour professionals step to
the first tee,  they are fully prepared to make their best swings from the opening
tee shot.

Most amateurs, however, get “warmed up” by dashing from their cars  to the pro shop
to check in, then running to the first tee, all  within five minutes or so. Usually
this is followed by unsteady  play for the first five holes and ends up with another
disappointing round. In my opinion, with this style of warm-up,  golfers are making
bogies before they ever step on the course. To  avoid this syndrome I recommend the
following routine:

– Get to the course early. You need enough time to take care of  your business in
the golf shop, use the restroom, change your  shoes, etc. It is important that you do
not feel rushed, so allow  time to complete this entire warm-up period at a leisurely
pace.  Remember, your warm-up routine sets the tempo for the day, so move  slowly and
relax. I recommend that you arrive at the course a  minimum of one hour before your
tee time.

– Begin warming up on the putting green. Putting is 43-percent of  golf and the
putting stroke is the slowest and smoothest of all  strokes in golf. By spending time
warming up on the green first,  you will not only be prepared for the speed of the
greens but you  will also be starting the day with smooth, deliberate tempo. It
makes no sense to visit the range first and get stretched out and  limbered up for
the opening drive, then stand for 15 minutes nearly  motionless on the putting green.

Spend the first five minutes putting to a tee or a coin from  twenty, thirty and
forty feet and from a variety of angles. Watch  the ball and pay attention to how
much the ball rolls. Speed  control is critical in putting and time spent judging
pace will pay  off on the course. Many students often complain that the greens on
the course are not the same as the practice greens. The only  difference between the
two is the pressure to perform. The practice  green is cut at the same height with
the same mower and is usually  constructed in the same manner as the greens on the
course. The  putts you roll on the course count and the pressure to perform  makes
the greens seem different.

You should then spend another five minutes or so rolling putts to a  tee or coin
from ten feet in to three feet. Do not putt at the cup.  You never want to see the
ball miss the hole, so just use a tee or  coin. Also, if you roll putts at a small
target like a tee or coin,  the hole will seem huge and, therefore, your confidence
level will  be high. Confidence is vital to good putting.  Finally, spend a few
minutes hitting 25 six-inch putts that run  straight up hill. You will make all 25 in
a row and this will set  you up with the perfect image: the ball rolling in the hole
every  time.

– Spend 10 minutes hitting chips around the green with a tee as a  target. To
determine how much the ball will roll you must test the  firmness of the greens. On
hard greens the ball tends to roll more  than on soft greens. Also, different types
of rough make the ball  react differently when the ball hits the green. Spending time
around the green will give you some ideas that will help you choose  the best
greenside shots during the round, and where to land the  ball on the putting surface.

Find your optimum strategy on the golf course

Scoring Golf is a game of numbers.  A four is a four is a four.  Remember,  one of
those, and two of those, and one of those equals four.  How  you get there is
irrelevant.  So, what are we saying?  Play smart and think strategy!

If you have an opportunity to hit
the ball through a thicket of  trees that has a 5% chance of succeeding, or kicking
(whoops, I  mean pitching) it out to the fairway, play smart.

Set yourself up  for
an easier shot.  Then, one-putt.  One putts save a lot of  strokes. That’s  good strategy.
I recommend everybody do it as often as possible. Play the course.  Don’t let the
course play you.  If you can wallop  the ball 280 yards, but the fairway is 10 yards
wide at that point  versus hitting the ball 220 to a fairway that is 40 yards wide,
which should you go for?  OK, you should go for 220, but I will  acknowledge that
‘letting it loose’ on the course is more fun.  Until you add up  the strokes on the hole.

Strategy to Build Your Confidence!!

What can you do to build confidence? Here are some quick tips:

–    Approach each putt believing you’ll make it. But if you don’t, be realistic:
remind yourself that even the best players in the world only make about 50% of six
foot putts.

–    Even if you feel that you need to be aware of what you’re doing wrong, don’t
lose sight of what you’re doing right. After each shot, go over what went well. Say
things to yourself like, “Contact was solid,” or “My tempo was good,” or “I planned
that shot well.”

–    Keep a daily diary of the positive aspects of your golf game. Review the diary
weekly, and visually recall what you did well (well, maybe not daily.  I know I don’t
have the time to play that often, but too late, I already wrote this, and it is
easier to keep typing then to erase).

–    Become more aware of the conditions under which you achieve optimal performance
(as if there may be such a thing). Be especially attuned to your state of mind: e.g.,
do you play better on the course when you’re energized or when you’re relaxed? The more you
understand about yourself as a player, the easier you’ll find it to create
confidence-building experiences for yourself, on or off the course.

Use smart golf strategy for your approach shot

Short Siding, And How to Play Your Approach Shots!

“Hi!! A new golfer here. What does it mean to “short-side”  yourself? I’ve
heard the term, but not the explanation. Is  it good or bad?”

Well, anonymous new golfer, welcome. And to answer part one  of your question:
Short siding is when you miss a green on  the same side as the pin on your approach shot.

When you miss a green, putting  the next shot close enough to sink the putt is critical,
and that’s easier when you have a lot of green between your  ball and the hole
because you have more options for making  the shot — low running chips (Please
see HOT TIP  below!!!!) or high and soft, while if you are on the “short  side”,
your only option may be a high flop shot that stops  quickly, something that is
very hard to do for most people  and impossible for many. And we NEVER recommend
you try  that shot. Use another of those weapons in your bag.

Another thing to keep in mind is what direction the green  slopes and what the
landscape on the green between you and  the pin looks like. If the pin is near
an edge of a green  that slopes towards the pin, you may be better off being on
the short side, where you can stop a shot quickly hitting  into the slope, than
on the “long” side, where your shot  will run a long way downhill and be very
difficult to  judge.

One of the key things that determines how good someone is  at getting “up and
down” around the green is whether he/she  generally misses the approach shot

in a place where this will be easy.

This  means knowing how you generally mis-hit shots, and picking
your club and aim point so that a well hit shot is on the  green with a makeable
putt but a miss will leave you  someplace where you can easily get down in 2.
The aim point  and club selection will often not be at the pin and pin  high.

There could be a myriad of places that you want the ball to  land. And NEVER
fall for sucker pins. Sucker pins are those  that are in a well guarded
location, but tantalizingly  close. Hit your approach shot safe, and putt out in two strokes!!

***************

Where Should Your Miss Land??

One of the major differences between the Tour pros and the weekend  player is
that the Tour pro focuses on where he wants his approach shot “misses”  to land. For example,
if the green is sloped back-to-front, the  Tour pro will choose a club that will
make sure that he leaves his  approach shots below the hole so that he has an easier,
uphill putt for  birdie.

You should do the same thing. Instead of just walking off the  yardage and
choosing the appropriate club for the yardage, take a  second to study the green
to see how it’s sloped. If it is sloped  severely back-to-front, take one less
club or choke down on the club  a bit.

Or, if it is sloped hard right-to-left, aim well left of the hole  (assuming
the hole isn’t cut tight to the left side of the green  near trouble). By
leaving your approach shots on the proper side  of the hole, you’ll find
yourself three-putting or four-putting a  lot less.

What are the three worst words in golf?

Wedge, Putter, Wedge (OK, if you don’t get it, email me, and I’ll  explain..)