Basic golf rules for beginners (and those who forgot)

Golf Rules You Should Know

The more I play golf the more I realize that golf is more about the people who
play than most anything else.
A great example of this is simply to watch how people interpret the rules.
Some are rigid and know every rule.  They follow them and they fully expect you to
follow them as well.
Others think the rules of golf are more like guidelines, meant to be followed on
most, but not all days.
Me, I will play with either type of golfer . . . as long as you tell me in advance.

I have compiled a selection of the rules I think you will see most often.
If you are serious about rules, remember, I am not the USGA, so don’t quote me as
the rule book.
These rules will help you when you are in a situation and the following question
passes through your head.
“I wonder what the rule is here.”  Beginners and even golfers who have played for years need to be aware of the basics of rules even if you aren’t playing tournaments or for money.
Enjoy — and don’t argue.


You hit your ball out of bounds.
Out of bounds is marked by white stakes.  You’ll know them.  In order to be out of
bounds you have to be fully out.  Any part is inside the stakes, you’re in.
If you aren’t sure you are out of bounds (like when you are still on the tee box)
you can hit a provisional.  If the original is out of bounds, play the provisional
where it lays, if not, pick up the provisional and play the original.
If you are out of bounds you have to play “stroke and distance”.  Darn.  You must
play the ball from the spot where you originally hit (distance) and take a one stroke
penalty (stroke).    Oh, and if your ball is laying up against the white stake but in
bounds you have to play it where it lies.


Basics of your ball is in water.
Here you are looking at yellow stakes or red stakes.  The difference?  Red is a
lateral water hazard.
If you are in water with yellow stakes, you can hit a second ball and add a penalty
stroke.  Or you can locate where the ball entered the water and drop a ball anywhere
at that point as far away from the hole as you choose.  Then add a stroke.
For lateral water hazard make a note where the ball crossed the red stakes, and you
can drop the ball two club lengths on either side of the water.  No closer to the
hole.  Add a penalty stroke.
You can play the shot from within the hazard without a penalty but beware, this is
not for the faint of heart.  You run the risk of not getting the ball out.


Some General Rules Beginners Might Wonder About.
If your ball is on a cart path,(hopefully you got a few extra yards from it) you can
drop it onto grass on either side of the path, as long as the path doesn’t interfere
with your feet or ball.  But you can only drop within ONE club length of the path. No
penalty stroke and no closer to the hole.
If your ball is lost!  Again, darnit.  First you have only five minutes to search.
The clock starts when YOU start to search.  You’ll feel pressure from your partners
and the Marshall if you elect to use this rule these days.  If you can’t find it, you
have a stroke and distance penalty awaiting you.  If you think the ball might be
lost, you can hit a provisional ball.  You must hit your first ball if found.  This
is a terrible feeling when you hit a boomer provisional and your first ball is found
beside a tree trunk.
If your ball falls off the tee, even if you touch it, you can replace it without a
If your ball rolls into a pile of leaves that are piled for removal, you can get
relief and move the ball.  If the ball rolls under a leaf from a tree, you can move
the leaf BUT NOT THE BALL.


Which leads to what happens when your ball is interfered with by nature.
What you do is based on where you are.
If you are on the green you can move any loose impediment any way you want. You can
move the ball and replace in order to do so with out a penalty.
In a sand bunker or water hazard you cannot move any loose impediment.
On the fairway or rough sand and dirt can’t be moved, but tree parts can be moved as
long as your ball doesn’t move.  Cost you a stroke if it does.


There’s lots more but these are the basics.

How to play better golf

3 Ways to Develop Consistency, Score Lower, and Play Better Golf

As I played a round of golf this weekend I was struck by how inconsistent play can affect your enjoyment of the game.

You play a hole well and score a nice par then follow with a six on a par 3 — and wham, there goes your smile.

Here are some small corrections you can make during a round to ‘get it back’

Check Your Grip

During a round it is easy to stop thinking about having the same grip each shot.  Other things on your mind.

I understand.

But one mid-course correction you can do is to double check your grip hasn’t become ‘strong’ or ‘weak’ as the round goes on.

You may not know but a weak grip can promote a open clubface and that can promote a slice.

A weak grip is when your trailing hand (right hand for us right handers) is turned counter clock wise (over the club).

The neutral grip can help you get it back.  You will know a neutral grip if the V made by your thumb and finger point to the inside of your right shoulder.

Take a look when you are hitting well.  What grip are you using?

Remember for when you aren’t hitting so well.


Check Your Alignment.

Funny thing.  In golf, the ball is not moving when you hit it.  I can’t think of any other sport where that is the case.

How hard can it be then, to aim square to the target?

First, you must have a target.  I talked about this earlier but dont’ forget to see the exact spot the ball needs to land.

Then stand directly behind the ball and face the target.  Now you know that angle.

When you set your feet they should be square to the target.  So should your shoulders and hips.  Avoid the temptation to adjust your stance to compensate for your slice or adjust your stance to compensate for your swing.

In order to improve, you need to be able to hit the ball where you intend to more often than not.

If you are square a basic swing will give you a basic (straight) shot.  And that, you can repeat.


Introduce Yourself to the Three-Quarter Swing

If you really are hitting wildly this adjustment might come in handy.

Prepare yourself to give up some distance.  It’s ok to be on the fairway and 20 yards back rather than in the creek and 20 yards further.

This adjustment will allow you to swing smooth and follow through.

Your goal is to limit the off-center hits and straighten them out.  Widen your stance a wee bit.  Take the club away and don’t think about breaking your wrists.  They will hinge at the top naturally.

Then take a smooth swing and make sure you follow through properly.  Your club will be more likely to start the swing path on the proper plane and this is what will minimize mis-hits.

How to play better golf comes in many shapes and forms but these tips will get you going again when it seems like the wheels are falling off.

How to hit a wedge shot

How to hit a wedge shot

You want to master your wedge, right? Here’s why…

Your drive was beautiful.

Your 5 iron rolled up to the green, leaving you 10 feet away from the fringe.

You can see a nice chip leaving you within a few feet or the cup so you can make a
simple putt and make par.

But something happens when you step up to that chip shot.  You take the club back
and then chunk the ball 4 feet.  You use

language unsuitable for minors and fair ladies.

What happened?  How did you go from a nice simple par to being in the same spot,
with one extra mark on your score card?  At

the end of the day how many strokes came from missing that same shot?

Personally I think that your short game and your putting game offers the best and
fastest way to improvement.

Some examples.

– on a par three you miss the green by 5 yards.  – on a par five you reach the green
in three but are 5 yards short. – on a par four you overhit the green by 5 yards. –
you chip the ball and it flies over the green – 3 feet off the ground.

In each situation you need a simple chip shot to get you close to the pin.


Scooping is Not Allowed.

The reason you can buy a 56, 58, or 60 degree wedge is that they are designed to get
the ball in the air.

You don’t need to lift the ball or help it out.

Your goal is to swing the club through the ball and let the club do the work.

1:  Basic Set Up

Set up with a normal stance with the ball in the center of your stance.  You may see
professionals adjusting their stance to

be more open but for most beginners the best thing you can do is hit the same shot
again and again.  That means keep it

simple to start.

2:  Grip and Swing

If you are at all nervous about this shot, you may find you are gripping the club
firmly.  You may also be worried that the

club head will hit the ground thus making that dreaded sound that precedes the ball
hopping 4 feet in front of you.

So grip your club lightly.  Then make sure when you take the club back that you are
not using your wrists.  They should be

firm throughout the swing.  The club should move like a pendulum – back and forward.
Smooth is the operative word here.

You’ll need to keep things steady so that you can allow the club to pass under the
ball and allow it to loft the ball in the air with a smooth hit.

3:  Follow Through

One thing you will learn is that if you don’t think of the follow through the ball
is going to be more unpredictable.

On a short chip a follow through is not going to look like you see on the cover of a
golf magazine after a long drive.  It should finish with the club face pointing to
the sky–about waist high.

A smooth swing and follow through will have you moving through the ball and
finishing with the clubface waist high.

These basic building blocks will have you confident close to the green that you can
hit a good chip shot.

***For better pitches, shorten your back swing and accelerate through to a full finish.

Golf course etiquette

golf étiquette

Ok, we’ve all been there.  Some of us are still there, said the author as he looked in the mirror.  You’re golfing with three other people, and you are obviously the worst golfer.  How do you handle, what is the ‘etiquette’?  Well, if they are friends, there really isn’t any.  However, follow these as rules of thumb:

*      Don’t delay play.  If you are on your tenth shot, or twelfth, or fifteenth, pick the ball up.  You’re probably holding people up behind you, and just as importantly, you are frustrating YOURSELF!!
*      If you’re scoring every hole, give yourself your last shot number plus two.
*      If you lose a ball, look for it yourself.  This promotes faster play, and your friends will appreciate it.
*      If you don’t find the ball, take a stroke, drop near where you think it is, and hit away.
*      Don’t look for a ball for more than three minutes
*      If you are having a bad day, don’t complain and whine.  The people you are playing with don’t want to hear it.  If you are going to open your mouth, maybe ask for advice.
*      Remember, you’re supposed to be having fun.  If you are not, stop playing.  My worst day on a golf course is better than sitting at home doing nothing!


Update – More etiquette ideas that are not so hard and fast:

Don’t be in the eyesight of the golfer who is swinging or putting

Don’t put your shadow anywhere near a fellow golfer’s putting line

First one in the hole goes and gets the flag for the rest of the group

When a partner playing complains about his/her game…say nothing

Leave your cart towards the next hole when you park it to go putt, not in front of the green

Always give your fellow players a minute to help look for their ball when you know where yours is

Don’t swish the ball cleaner when someone is in their pre shot routine

When another player is clearly having a hard time and doesn’t care about score, please offer them a “gimmee” when it’s close to the hole


Again, you know your friends better than I, and these are rules of thumbs.  Not all of them conform to the “Royal Book Of Golf Published By The Golf Kings”, but if you read them a couple times, I bet you would agree.

Choosing the right golf clubs

Skill Level should Determine the Clubs You Carry

Which clubs should you be
choosing to carry in your bag?  Well, that depends on your BUDGET and your SKILL level!

Obviously, a better golfer (Low handicap) has different needs then the average
weekend warrior.  Some clubs are easy to control for all players, some should only be
used by very good golfers. Plus, the Rules of Golf allow you to carry a maximum of 14
clubs in your bag. But, unless you’re in a tournament, we at breaking110 don’t really
care about that particular rule. However, we will use it as a guideline….

I’ve got some ideas, and they are general in nature when choosing the right golf clubs.

If you have a favorite club
that is NOT listed, KEEP IT!!  Results count!!!

The High Handicapper’s Bag – 3-wood – 5-wood, 7-wood – 5-iron through 9-iron –
Pitching wedge – Putter

Most high handicappers cannot hit a driver, no matter how badly they want to.
Drivers are especially dangerous in the hands of high-handicappers because many view
distance as the quality they most want to have off the tee. So they spend several
hundred dollars on an oversized titanium driver that most of the time will only put
them farther off the fairway, not farther down the fairway.

You need to own a driver – just practice with it on the driving range, and leave it
at home when you hit the course.

The Mid-Handicapper’s Bag – Driver – 3-wood, 5-wood, 7-wood – 4-iron through 9-iron
– Pitching wedge – Sand wedge – Putter

Intermediate players may also be better off hitting 3-wood off the tee rather than
driver, but certainly have a better shot at controlling the driver than high

Mid-handicappers who are strong in their short game might consider adding a lob
wedge or gap wedge to this assortment, but most will probably be better off with the
lofted fairway woods rather than long irons.

The Low Handicapper’s Bag – Driver – 3-wood – 2-iron through 9-iron – Pitching wedge
– Lob wedge – Sand wedge – Putter

Scratch golfers will carry the same bag with one exception:

Substituting a gap wedge for the 2-iron.

The better you are, the more specialized your game becomes. And that specialization
for the best players leads to a concentration on the short game. Most top players hit
the ball far enough that they rarely use a long iron, hence the ability to bypass
1-irons and 2-irons in favor of adding more wedges.

The lob wedge and gap wedge simply increase a great player’s options around the

Remember: No matter what your skill level, hit clubs you are comfortable with. If
you are a high handicapper but you can keep your driver in the fairway, then by all
means carry a driver. If a 1-iron is a club that you have mastered, carry a 1-iron.

Know How Far you Can Hit Each Club in Your Bag.
The first time I every played 5 rounds in 5 days, something very interesting
happened.  It was an accident.  I hadn’t read it anywhere.  But suddenly when I was
100 yards from the pin, I knew that I could hit a 9 iron that distance every time.
Suddenly, after 5 days I wasn’t surprised at being over the green or embarrassingly
It occurred to me that this information was handy so I starting making some notes.
How far could I hit a 3 iron, a 3 wood, a 9 iron, a 7 iron?  Then every time I was
standing on a par three 150 yards from the pin or on an approach shot 150 yards out,
I knew what club to hit–without worrying.
Learn YOUR distance.  This chart is typical.  Adapt it to your game. The right golf clubs are the clubs that work FOR YOU!
Pitching Wedge     70 yards

9 iron                      100 yards

8 iron                      120 yards

7 iron                      140 yards

6 iron                       150 yards

5 iron                      160 yards

4 iron                      170 yards

3 iron                      180 yards

3 wood                    203 yards

driver                      225 yards

Know your distance, use the same tempo on each swing, let the club do the work and
your rounds will be more consistent.

If you hit a 5 wood and a 3 iron the same distance, consider using the 5 wood more
often on the fairway.
Soon you will have an easier time on long par 4s.

Golf routine on the tee box

Tee Box Choices – make it a routine.
You stand on the tee box and it is sunny.  The day is great.  You are golfing with
friends or making new acquaintances.   What should you be thinking about?
It should be something to do with the hole you are on.
Spend some time and think about the hole.  How long?  Straight or dog leg?  Water?
More Water?  Nothing but water!
A good drive will set you up for a good score.  If you are in the trees, deep grass,
or a hazard, it becomes harder to save your score.  Current thinking is ‘grip it and
rip it’.  Giant head drivers encourage that thinking even more.
Follow this sequence and routine to improve your chances of being in the middle of the
fairway-often the best spot to be whether you are 100, 200 or 300 yards out.
First think about the hole and the distance you want to be at.  A short dog leg left
can hurt you if you simply drive as far as you can straight on.  Driving too long can
be a problem.  So think about your length.
Based on your length decision, choose a golf club which is comfortable for you.  A 3-wood
or 5-wood is a perfectly fine choice.  Tee box does not mean Big Bertha every single
time. Once you have distance in mind, then aiming is your next big decision.  Do not
just aim down the middle every time.
Look where the hazards are.  You will find creeks, sand, trees, water, hills, rocks,
cactus or other things to affect your choice.  In addition, think about where the
green is and what hazards are protecting it.  If there is sand on the left then you
want to approach from the right.  So you want your drive to finish on the right.
Then consider the effect of the wind.  Will it push you further left or right?
Finally, choose where on the tee box you want to stand.  You can tee up your ball
anywhere between the two markers.  That means you can stand outside the markers if
you tee up on the left side of the box (for your right hander).  In addition you can
move up to 2 club lengths behind the markers.
That gives you lots of choice where to stand and aim from.  Pick your spot and tee
up.  Then pick a spot to aim at.  I should remind you to aim at something not aim
away from something.  Looking at water, trees, houses and other distractions only
attracts your ball towards them!  Pick a spot on the fairway based on your choices
and look at it when you aim.
Then, follow your pre-shot routine (remember-the same every time), take a smooth
swing and smile to yourself as you end up where you wanted to.  Then smile again as
your partner picks a different spot, takes out the big wood and takes a mighty swing
sending his (or her) ball 300 yards – into the trees.

A Good Golf Pre-shot Routine Should be Routine.
For the average player, it’s much easier to think about random thoughts, “Who’s
watching me” “I have to crush this ball” “That’s a lot of water” “Did I really get a
9?” “I love this new driver” instead of focusing on the task at hand.
Try a routine.  Watch the pro ‘s.  They do the same thing every time.
-Stand behind the ball and line up the shot.

-Take your position.

-Check your aim.

-Look at the ball and confirm your grip, stance, and set up are ready.

-Look at the target.

-Swing with good tempo. -Finish like Tiger (or Annika)
Repeat as necessary.
You may notice that a faux practice swing is not in this routine.  What would happen
if you skipped that step?

Isn’t golf fun?

How to fix the weak hand golf grip

Distance, Ken Little, PGA Pro, Coach

Through out my career as a teaching professional I have experienced many golfers
coming to me seeking more distance and greater accuracy with their shot making. The
desire for more distance is hands down the number one request. I can personally be
assured that many golf shots lacking distance have a significant amount of curvature
to them as well. It is a sure bet the direction of this curvature is to the right. A
slice for right handed golfers.

We may never obtain the distance and accuracy demonstrated by Tiger Woods or any
great tour star for that matter. However, we can commit to the same solid
fundamentals or basics touring professionals have and build a swing to fit our body
that is unique in its own way. I believe the most overlooked fundamental in all of
golf is how the club is actually held in the hands. I feel that the grip is the
heartbeat of the golf swing. A faulty grip can affect one or all of the ball flight
laws of clubhead speed, swing path, center of contact, angle of decent, and the
squaring of the clubface at impact.

More times than not the problem is how the student is holding the club with their
weak hand. Left hand for right handed golfers. The tendency is to have the club
handle positioned straight across the hand and more towards the palm. The result is a
weak or open face position. This method will most likely cause the clubface to be in
the open position at impact and limit the natural releasing (right hand rolling over
the left) of the clubhead through the hitting area. In an attempt to square the club
and obtain more power, we may find ourselves over working the bigger muscles of the
body and actually magnifying our current problems.

I personally teach the finger to palm diagonal grip. I like to see the heel pad of
the left hand more on top of the club or closed face position. The V formed between
the forefinger and thumb pointing to the right shoulder. The right hand more where
the fingers meet the hand covering the left thumb with the life line. This proper
grip will assist in squaring up the clubface in addition to letting the clubhead
release naturally.

This new grip may indeed feel funny or uncomfortable at first. This may be true only because it is new and different. However, with practice and patience you will soon begin to feel the clubhead actually squaring up and releasing properly through the hitting area with much less effort. Correcting both distance and directional problems with one simple change.

More golf tips for putting

Putting Basics

Just like with your regular golf swing, a good putting stroke depends on some basic
fundamentals. Here’s some great tips:

First, start with your setup. You should always play the ball forward
in your stance. Your hands should be on line with the clubhead and ball. Keep your
eyes looking down on the ball. Next, your takeaway should be low keeping your wrists
firm. Move your arms in a pendulum-like motion and accelerate through the ball. The
length of your swing will determine the distance the ball will travel. Finally, be
sure to maintain your balance with no body movement. This will help keep the club
square through the ball. Follow these basic fundamentals and be sure to practice them
next time you’re on the putting green. If you do, you’ll develop a more consistent
putting stroke, and it won’t be long before those dreaded three-putts become fewer
and far between.

Tips to make more Putts:

As the Irish say, “99% of putts that don’t reach the cup don’t go  in, and the other
1% are always short”. Bottom line, beginning  golfers should ALWAYS play to go beyond
the hole. Ideally, your  misses will stop 18″ after the hole, but, practice makes

I’d rather see you be long by 3 feet than short by 6″. At least you  know the miss
MIGHT have gone in if lined up right. The short putt  stands as much chance of going
in as I do winning against Davis  Love III in match play.

Also, match the stroke of your putt with your golf swing. If you  have a short swing
(i.e. your left arm doesn’t go too far in the  air during your backswing), your
putting stroke should match. Same  with if you have a long swing. You should have a
long stroke. Your  Body doesn’t like you fighting it.

Lastly, the average golfer 3 putts or MORE 7-8 times a round.  OUCH!! One of the
primary reasons (besides being a beginner or  weekend golfer) is that your eyes LOVE
to play tricks. If you have  a 20 foot or longer putt, I guarantee you that your eyes
are going  to think that it is only 16 feet. Has to do with triangulation of  the
eyes. But who cares about the science of it. The fact is, until  you are skilled
enough to REALLY gauge distance, factor in a couple  feet for longer putts. You won’t
regret it!!

Tips on The Stroke.

The putting stroke has a very simple goal.  The putter head should  move straight
back from the hole and move straight through the ball  straight to the hole.

Do you notice the use of the word straight?

Try to keep the putter head from touching the grass, even in the  practice or set
up.  Hover.

When you stroke the golf ball, keep your head still.  No looking or  watching.  Make the
stroke, then look second.  For anything under  six feet be sure to keep the swing
path straight.



Tips to improve your putting

Putting Introduction.

There is no question improving your putting can have the most impact on your score
in the shortest period of time.  And at the end of the day, where did your 107 shots
come from?  Ever miss a two-footer?  Me neither, but that we can fix easily.

I think you should make a note next time you play of how many putts you took in the
round.  Make a note of the number of three-putts.  Turning eight of those into two
putts just put you under a hundred!

That being said, the best place you can spend your practice time in on a putting
green.  Or, to be honest, your carpet will help with the first step, the set up.

When was the last time you spent 30 minutes on the practice green?  A-Hah.  Thought

The Set Up.

The Grip you use in putting is NOT the grip you use to rip the ball off the tee.

Most Pros use the reverse overlap grip.  You can tell if you are using this grip if
the pads of your thumbs are down the front side of the club.  Many putters make the
front of the grip flat to help with that.

Next, you be aware of your index finger on your right hand.  It can be wrapped
around the club or flat along the grip pointed to the ground.

Putting is a very personal thing so make sure this feels relaxed to you.  Relaxed,
smooth, natural.

Your Eye over the Ball.

Find a stance that is comfortable to you with one goal in mind.  You must have your
eye directly over the ball on line to the hole.  If your putter is inside (between
your eyes and your feet) you will pull left (and miss).  If your putter head is
outside your line, you will tend to push right (and miss).

You will see golfers with their head bent over horizontally so that looking to the
pin is done with a swivel motion.  That’s a sign they are lining up properly.

Not lining your eyes over the ball and to the pin is an all-too-common mistake made
by golfers and you haven’t even started to read the green yet. Get the set up so you
can aim where you choose.

Aim on Short Puts.

For short puts, the set up is very important.  You must have the club face directed
straight at the target.  In the old days you had to be able to judge a 90% perfectly.

Now putters help you out with putter-heads that assist (see the Odyssey putter
below).  Do not strike the ball till you check this alignment.  You will be suprised
how often you find your alignment is not aimed at the hole.

Then do a practice putt.  Do NOT move six inches from the ball and aim at the hole.
That is a different shot.  Move six inches from the ball and do a practice swing
parrallel to your set up.  Then when you align it again, you will have practiced the
correct shot.

How to do an effective golf warm up before the round

Warm up
Proper warm-up is essential for peak performance in any sport.  If you attend any
professional sporting event you always see  athletes going through a pre-game
warm-up, and pro golfers are no  different. By the time tour professionals step to
the first tee,  they are fully prepared to make their best swings from the opening
tee shot.

Most amateurs, however, get “warmed up” by dashing from their cars  to the pro shop
to check in, then running to the first tee, all  within five minutes or so. Usually
this is followed by unsteady  play for the first five holes and ends up with another
disappointing round. In my opinion, with this style of warm-up,  golfers are making
bogies before they ever step on the course. To  avoid this syndrome I recommend the
following routine:

– Get to the course early. You need enough time to take care of  your business in
the golf shop, use the restroom, change your  shoes, etc. It is important that you do
not feel rushed, so allow  time to complete this entire warm-up period at a leisurely
pace.  Remember, your warm-up routine sets the tempo for the day, so move  slowly and
relax. I recommend that you arrive at the course a  minimum of one hour before your
tee time.

– Begin warming up on the putting green. Putting is 43-percent of  golf and the
putting stroke is the slowest and smoothest of all  strokes in golf. By spending time
warming up on the green first,  you will not only be prepared for the speed of the
greens but you  will also be starting the day with smooth, deliberate tempo. It
makes no sense to visit the range first and get stretched out and  limbered up for
the opening drive, then stand for 15 minutes nearly  motionless on the putting green.

Spend the first five minutes putting to a tee or a coin from  twenty, thirty and
forty feet and from a variety of angles. Watch  the ball and pay attention to how
much the ball rolls. Speed  control is critical in putting and time spent judging
pace will pay  off on the course. Many students often complain that the greens on
the course are not the same as the practice greens. The only  difference between the
two is the pressure to perform. The practice  green is cut at the same height with
the same mower and is usually  constructed in the same manner as the greens on the
course. The  putts you roll on the course count and the pressure to perform  makes
the greens seem different.

You should then spend another five minutes or so rolling putts to a  tee or coin
from ten feet in to three feet. Do not putt at the cup.  You never want to see the
ball miss the hole, so just use a tee or  coin. Also, if you roll putts at a small
target like a tee or coin,  the hole will seem huge and, therefore, your confidence
level will  be high. Confidence is vital to good putting.  Finally, spend a few
minutes hitting 25 six-inch putts that run  straight up hill. You will make all 25 in
a row and this will set  you up with the perfect image: the ball rolling in the hole
every  time.

– Spend 10 minutes hitting chips around the green with a tee as a  target. To
determine how much the ball will roll you must test the  firmness of the greens. On
hard greens the ball tends to roll more  than on soft greens. Also, different types
of rough make the ball  react differently when the ball hits the green. Spending time
around the green will give you some ideas that will help you choose  the best
greenside shots during the round, and where to land the  ball on the putting surface.